The penalties and limitations that are put in place for people convicted of a sex crime are particularly harsh. Authorities and supporters of these measures argue that they are effective ways at reducing recidivism, or a relapse in criminal behaviors.
However, this has been a point of contention when it comes to sex offenders. It has been argued that many people convicted of sex crimes are not at a significant risk of engaging in repeat behaviors. They may have made a mistake, but there is no reason to suspect that they would continue to pose a danger to others. But the fear associated with these crimes can distort some of this information.